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In a move towards fostering a more equitable labor landscape, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has proposed a ban on non-competition agreements. The soonest the ban could go into effect is likely April 2024 when the FTC is expected to vote on the final version of the rule.

Non-competition agreements, often simply referred to as “non-competes,” have long been a contentious issue for workers, stifling their career growth and limiting their economic opportunities. The FTC’s proposed ban represents a crucial stride towards empowering employees and fostering a more dynamic, fair, and inclusive job market.

Non-Compete Agreements in Kentucky

Kentucky courts routinely enforce non-competition agreements against workers in the state.  For a noncompete to be enforceable, the employer must have a “legitimate business interest” that will benefit from the agreement. Legitimate business interests can include things like the protection of goodwill, client relationships, confidential information, trade secrets, and the exceptional and special skill or knowledge acquired by their employees during their employment.  The agreements must also be reasonable in their duration and geographic scope. 

Leveling the Playing Field

Non-competition agreements have traditionally favored employers, granting them significant power over their employees’ career paths. With these restrictive contracts in place, workers are often tied to specific companies, unable to explore better opportunities, and are unfairly limited in their career growth. By eliminating these agreements, the proposed ban levels the playing field, giving workers greater freedom to pursue their careers as they see fit.

Enhanced Job Mobility

Job mobility is an essential aspect of a thriving labor market. When workers can easily transition between jobs and industries, they can explore new avenues, acquire and improve skills, and contribute their expertise to various sectors. The FTC’s proposal recognizes this and seeks to encourage enhanced job mobility, allowing individuals to explore better-paying positions, more fulfilling roles, and supportive work environments without fear of legal consequences.

Fostering Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Non-competes often discourage employees from starting their own ventures or joining startups. These agreements restrict individuals from leveraging their knowledge and expertise in the market, stifling innovation and entrepreneurship. The FTC’s proposed ban, however, unlocks the potential of aspiring entrepreneurs and visionaries, empowering them to take risks and contribute to the growth of new businesses and industries. This increased entrepreneurial activity fuels economic growth, spurs innovation, and creates a more vibrant business ecosystem.

Protecting Low-Wage Workers

Non-competition agreements disproportionately affect low-wage workers, leaving them trapped in low-paying jobs with limited prospects for advancement. These workers often lack the resources to challenge these agreements in court, rendering them defenseless against exploitative practices. By banning non-competes, the FTC ensures that low-wage workers have a fair shot at improving their economic situations and breaking free from cycles of poverty. This move aligns with the broader goal of building a more just and inclusive society where all workers can thrive.

Boosting Worker Bargaining Power

In the absence of non-compete agreements, employees gain significant bargaining power during salary negotiations and contract discussions. Employers can no longer leverage the threat of enforcing a non-compete to suppress wages or impose unfavorable working conditions. With the balance of power tipping in favor of workers, employers are incentivized to provide more competitive compensation packages and better benefits to attract and retain top talent. This, in turn, leads to a more satisfied and motivated workforce, ultimately benefiting businesses as well.


The FTC’s proposed ban on non-competition agreements marks an important step toward empowering workers and fostering a more dynamic, inclusive labor market. By dismantling the barriers that have restrained job mobility, stifled innovation, and perpetuated economic inequality, the proposed ban promotes a more equitable landscape where workers can fully realize their potential.

In the meantime, if you’re subject to a non-competition agreement with your current employer, or if a new employer is asking you to sign one of these agreements, contact the attorneys at Abney Law to discuss your legal options.